Scientific Reports, Science Writing

There are many aspects to effective writing; some of these are covered in the following links and may be helpful:

Paraphrase and Summary “To paraphrase means to restate someone else’s ideas in your own language at roughly the same level of detail. To summarize means to reduce the most essential points of someone else’s work into a shorter form.”

Writing different sections of a paper:

On how to structure a paper:


Every statement needs to be backed up by references (citation); enter them as you write. Pay attention to consistent formatting throughout the paper.
For your reference list, please use the abbreviations for journal titles suggested here (either of these websites is fine):

On writing and writing styles:

  • Science Writing. “This handout details the most critical aspects of scientific writing and provides some strategies for evaluating and improving your scientific prose.”
  • A plea for scholarly writing “Scientific writing is a skill that needs to be developed through concentration and practice. By the final draft of a paper, each sentence should have been crafted to convey information clearly, succinctly, and accurately.”
  • The Elements of Style Especially read the section on composition. Not specifically about science writing, but useful to know about.

On making presentations:

Making a presentation in  10-15 minutes is more difficult than making one in 30 minutes or 60 minutes. But it is good training to try to compress your story into a short, crisp presentation, Here are some suggestions about how you set up an introduction and present the study and its results.

Remember to keep the slides clear, use large enough fonts (at least 16 point), do not clutter your slide with too much information, do not clutter your slide with too much colour and animations. A good rule of thumb is one slide per minute. Here are some tips on how to design a presentation.

And, later in your career:

On reviewing scientific manuscripts

Helpful Hints for Effective Peer Reviewing




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